Scotland, the member country of the British-Irish council is actually a part of the U.K. The country occupies one third of the Great Britain Island, sharing an edge with England at its south border. The North Sea, Atlantic Ocean and North Channel gradually occupy the east side, west, north, and southwest of the country. Along with this mainland, the country consist of more than 890 islands that include the Hebrides and Northern Isles. Edinburgh is the capital and the second largest city of the country. Aberdeen is another popular Scotland country that is known as the oil capital of Europe.
Roman Influence in Scotland
Scotland’s written protohistory began when the roman Empire arrived in central and southern Great Britain. When the Romans occupied this place, they administered it as Britannia. Gradually with time they made several changes there, erected the great Hadrian’s Wall and this helped in reducing the distance between England and Scotland. The rulers continued military occupation in major parts of present Scotland for more than 40 years and this is when the roman culture influenced the socio-political background of the country. Moreover, the influence of Roman tradition also passed on Scotland’s culture through tribes like the Damnonii and Votadini who stayed in Scotland permanently, even when the military occupation was over.
Natural History and Geography of Scotland
The mainland of the country comprises a mass land of Great Britain that ends to the north coast of the continental Europe. The geographical center of the country lies a few miles away from the Badenoch and Newtonmore villages. The country is situated 1,344 meters above the sea level and the highest point of the country is Ben Nevis summit. The longest river of the country is the River Tay that flows within a distance of 190 km. In spite of being an island, Scotland is rich in other natural objects like lakes, isles, mountain that gives the country it’s beautiful and stunning look.
Scotland’s climate is both oceanic and temperate and it keeps changing frequently. The Gulf Stream from the Atlantic keeps the country warm and thus winter is milder there. Summer is rather wetter and cooler. The temperature of the country mostly ranges between 10 and 20 degree C.
Generally, the western part of the country is warmer than its eastern part due to the influence of ocean currents of Atlantic and comparatively colder temperature of the northern sea. Tiree is the sunniest place of the country, which is located in the Inner Hebrides. Here a total hour of sunshine is 300 during May and June. The rate of rainfall varies in different parts of the country and the western highlands of the country are the wettest place. However, rainfall is more limited in the lowlands of Scotland and there it doesn’t rain more than 800 cm per year.
Scotland Flora and Fauna
The changing climate of Scotland makes it such a place, which is rich in varied vegetation and attractive wildlife. Scotland is an abode to the world’s most beautiful birds and animals such as the hooded crow, capercaillie, Northern gannet, the sea-eagle and animals like the red-squirrel, deer-stag red, wildcats, grey seal and the the Eurasian beaver. However, as most of the country is surrounded by sea, aquatic life is more attractive here than anything else. Scotland is the only country where we see some of the best species like:
- Atlantic Salmon
- Arctic Charr
- Brown Trout
- River Lamprey
- European Seal
- Allis Shad
Scotland and Its Motorbike Ride
A Scotland motorbike ride is one of the many attractions that draw the attention of a number of tourists every year. There are different organizations that arrange motorbike and by-cycle ride events in the highlands and inthe mountains of Scotland. Special events are also organized for kids. Cycling Scotland is one such organization arranging the most attractive events yearly for the visitors’ and for native people as well.
The Best Places to Visit in Scotland
Kelvingrove Museum and the Art Gallery, the Blair Drummond Park, ArdnamurchanBeach, Edinburgh castle, the Glasgow cathedral are some of the popular places to visit in Scotland. However, visitors have other choices as well like Holyroodhouse, Melrose Abbey, the Whisky shop and others.
Among these, Holyroodhouse is the place where the kings of Scotland used to live. This palace was established by David the first in the year of 1128. Now the palace is used to arrange royal parties, official ceremonies and celebrations. Visitors often say that a Scotland visit is incomplete if one does n’t come to this place.
The Whisky shop is the store that collects the world finest whiskeys and it is the largest wine shop in Scotland. Earlier it was the only shop operating in Scotland but now there are branches of the same in different parts of the country.