Beautiful Peru

Machu Pichu in Peru
The Inca Empire is one of the important part of Peru’s old history. The most important Inca sites are Winay Wayna, Pikimachay and last but not least Machu Picchu. These sites are not only of major archeological importance, but also most popular with tourists.

From the 13th to the 16th century, the Western side of Peru was part of the Inca Empire. The Incas were a highly civilized people, with a complex religion, sophisticated building techniques, and a rigidly structured society.

The arrival of the Spanish in South America in the 1530’s wiped out the Inca civilization: many of the Incas were massacred by the Spaniards, who wanted to steal the vast amounts of gold and silver jewelry that the Incas treasured, and those who survived died of diseases brought by the invaders.

However, many fascinating relics of the powerful Inca Empire still survive in Peru today. Huge numbers of tourists come to Peru every year to explore these enchanting sites and learn about the history of South America.

Machu Picchu

Clinging to a mountain ridge high in the Peruvian Andes, the ancient Inca site of Machu Picchu draws in adventurous tourists from around the world. Having originally been built in the 15th century for an unknown purpose, Machu Picchu was abandoned in 1572 as its inhabitants fled from the conquering Spaniards or died of the diseases they carried.

Machu Picchu is sometimes referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas” because it is extremely well-preserved but completely deserted by its original inhabitants. Since Machu Picchu’s discovery by the American historian Hiram Bingham in 1911, archeologists have struggled to understand how the Incas could have brought stones to this site, which is almost 8,000 feet above sea level, and raised them to construct the various buildings that are still standing today.

Despite its remote location, thousands of visitors flock to Machu Picchu every year. If you do it on foot, be prepared for a strenuous march. If you are not fit, lose some calories before coming, or you may not reach the top.

Some of the buildings have been reconstructed, but there are also many originals that have survived through the centuries. The Temple of the Sun is one of the main attractions of the site due to its amazingly intricate stonework. A sundial is carved into a stone close to the temple; its design is primitive but still effective even today.

Still not seen enough?

Then visit the Amazon Jungle. Peru has the second largest portion of the Amazon rainforest of all the countries it covers, the Brazilian Amazon being the largest part. The Amazon constitutes 60% of Peru and is an area of huge biodiversity, making it a fascinating place to visit.

Despite covering such a vast area of Peru, only 5% of the total population inhabits this region, meaning that it is largely untouched by mankind. It is here that you will see wildlife that can be found in no other area of the world.

The more adventurous may wish to participate in some of the more energetic activities that the natural features of the Amazon rainforest provide, such as canoeing, while thrill seekers may wish to face the dangers posed by piranha fishing.

These are many things to do and see in Peru for a trip of a lifetime.

Comments are closed.